The Former Chapel Hospital of Los Juaninos
This colonial-era hospital chapel is now a foyer and side entrance to a popular department store.
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While many countries are seeing churches and places of worship repurposed due to diminishing congregations, the tendency is still not as common in predominantly Catholic Mexico. The state of Michoacán represents an interesting exception, as the town of Pátzcuaro saw one of its main churches turned into a public library. While the state capital Morelia saw the same happen to the Compañía de Jesús Church, and lastly, a colonial chapel that was incorporated into a Woolworth department store.
The chapel belonged to the Real Hospital de San Juan de Dios, a hospital run by the religious order known as Juaninos. Constructed of Cantera stone during the 17th-century, its use as a hospital was formalized in 1770. By the mid-19th century, the chapel was being utilized as a grain mill, until a fire in 1860. The hospital was then converted into a hotel during the 20th-century, while the chapel was incorporated into the Woolworth department store, becoming its side entrance and foyer.
A majority of repurposed church buildings in Mexico owe their new use to mid-19th century Reform Laws, which saw most properties belonging to the Catholic church expropriated by the government. In a majority of the cases, while convents and grounds were converted, the church buildings themselves remained. Reform Laws were greatly enforced in Michoacán, which led to several churches and chapels being expropriated.
Nowadays, walking through the former chapel’s door leads to its bare interior and the store’s electronics department.
Know Before You Go
Opening times for Woolworth are 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily, except Sundays when closing time is 8 p.m. The store's main entrance is on Madero Avenue, but the side entrance with the chapel is on Virrey de Mendoza Street.
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