Wilson Castle – Rutland, Vermont - Atlas Obscura

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Wilson Castle

Rutland, Vermont

A beautiful, creepy 19th-century castle stands incongruous in rural Vermont. 


The village of Proctor, Vermont, is one of the few places in the United States with an actual castle. Enormous, beautiful, and creepy, Wilson Castle is part of a 115-acre estate in various stages of disrepair. It’s hard to imagine a building more incongruous with its surroundings.

You approach the estate (it’s a real castle, tour guides explain, because it has battlements and towers) by turning off the main highway by a truck parts shop and traveling for a mile or so on a sparsely populated rural road near Rutland, Vermont. Neighboring buildings include small ranch houses and trailers.

It was always a slightly unusual building for the area, which was, perhaps, the point. A Vermont doctor, John Johnson, built it in 1867 to impress his wife, who was an English aristocrat of some sort. According to the story, Johnson met her when he attended medical school in the United Kingdom. It took eight years and $1.3 million to finish the castle. Mrs. Johnson returned to England after living only three years in the castle with her husband. After she died her husband had to sell the castle.

The property was juggled from one owner to the next for the next 50 or so years until falling into the hands of Herbert Lee Wilson, an AM radio pioneer who created a radio station in the castle stable, which, though its headquarters have since moved, is still on the air today. Five generations of Wilsons lived at the house from 1939-2009. When Wilson’s daughter passed away, it opened for tours in 1962 and is still owned and operated by Wilson’s granddaughter, Denise Devine.

The castle is a peculiar mixture of 19th-century architectural styles including Dutch Neo-Renaissance, Scottish baronial, Queen Anne, and Romanesque Revival. Consisting of 32 rooms (though only a few of these are available for touring), 84 stained glass windows, and 13 fireplaces, the building is lavish in a way that’s unique for Rutland County, and even for the Gilded Age. Each room has different woodwork to match its furniture, some of which are priceless. Due to the travels of Wilson (who was also an army officer), the castle is decorated with impressive and valuable Far Eastern and European antiques, Chinese scrolls, and lavish rugs. The Wilson Castle tour is novel in that visitors can walk on the carpets, touch some of the furniture, and take flash photography.

Depending on funds and maintenance, and concerns about visitor safety, various parts of the estate are added and subtracted from what’s available on tour. Most of the rooms originally had elaborate murals on the ceiling—an owl near the study, a rendition of the sky on the drawing-room ceiling—but many of those are gone now or covered over due to water damage and the expense and difficulty hiring workers to repair and maintain such decorations.

Know Before You Go

Wilson Castle is open daily from Memorial Day (late May) to Columbus Day (mid-October). Admission is $17 a person. It’s located about a mile off of Route 4.You can pay for a guided tour but it’s actually more fun to do it self-guided. For self-guided tours, the staff shows you a video with tons of information that really enhances your experience and sets the scene. There are fascinating items and furniture in every room and there are no ropes or barriers keeping you from touching and getting as close as you want to everything. The staff are very friendly and welcoming.

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