Palisades State Park – Garretson, South Dakota - Atlas Obscura

Palisades State Park

The cliff and rock formations are made out of Sioux Quartzite. 


Glittering pink quartzite 50 feet high split by a babbling creek is an unexpected sight in the vast plains of South Dakota. Despite being the second smallest state park in the state, Palisades attracts hikers, fishers, paddlers, campers, and rock climbers.

A geologist’s paradise, Palisades contains catlinite, or pipestone. This mineral is used by local Indigenous groups to make calumets, ornately-decorated tobacco pipes used in traditional ceremonies. There are several quarries on the 157-acre park still being used for just that! The formations at Palisades are over 1.2 billion years old.

The power of Split Rock Creek (the bisecting creek of Palisades) has been used by pioneers since the 1800s as a mill. Low-quality silver was even found in the creek. The steel truss bridge that crosses Palisades is now on the National Register of Historic Places.

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November 3, 2022

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