Dating back almost 400 years, the oldest public collection library in the United Kingdom was once the study hall of Karl Marx.
Manchester’s Chetham’s Library was first established in 1653 and has been serving knowledge-hungry scholars ever since, including playing host to Karl Marx while he developed his economic philosophies with Friedrich Engels.
Located in a former hospital space that is now a music school of the same name, Chetham’s Library holds over 100,000 texts accumulated across its centuries in operation. The collection was established at the behest of a textile merchant named Humphrey Chetham who expressly stipulated that the library “require nothing of any man that cometh” and be “for the use of schollars and others well affected.” Simply stated, he wanted his posthumous library to be public and academic. The merchant them named dozens of ruling agents who he tasked with collecting a collection of texts and writings to rival any of England’s libraries, and the Chetham’s catalogue began.
The library has continually been in use since its inception with scholars and researchers from a number of disciplines searching the stacks for info. Among the most famous visitors to the library are Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who are said to have sat in the medieval surroundings and brainstormed their pioneering economics theories. The books they used to study out of are now set aside on display.
At present, over 60,000 of the library’s titles date back to the early 1800s, represented by crumbling and beautiful leather-bound folios. A number of the books are chained to the bookcases, or as the style of manuscript defense changed, gated in, but most can still be seen by visitors. Almost half of their printed book collection was published prior to 1850. The building the library is housed in actually dates bay to the 1400s when it was used as a priest’s college, giving the whole library a lushly historic feel.
Know Before You Go
Chetham's is located opposite the National Football Museum (the Urbis building). Entry to the Library is through the main gate on Long Millgate, just off Cathedral Gardens. The library operates on a system of timed entries. Consult the website for available times.
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