Two monolithic cast iron posts anomalously lurk in a birch forest. At nine feet below sea level, they mark the lowest land point in England. Once completely buried, these improvised geographical tools became gradually exposed as the peaty earth around them sank 13 feet.
The first Holme Fen Posts were commissioned by a landowner William Wells, who was concerned about the effects of his scheme to drain a local wetland, Whittlesey Mere, on the already uniform, low-lying landscape of the East of England. Similar projects elsewhere had resulted in sunken land and the need for costly water management solutions like the Denver Sluice.
The posts were purposely driven through the soft, waterlogged peat into an underlying layer of clay to measure the rate the peat contracted due to marsh drainage. The idea was that as the peat sank, the posts, firmly rooted in the solid clay below, would gradually become exposed, revealing how rapidly the otherwise homogenous landscape was falling below the level of the all-too-close North Sea. Thirty years after the first post was sunk, the land had already dropped eight feet.
The older of the two posts dates to 1851 and replaced an earlier wooden post. Its ornate nature suggests it may have been sourced from ill-fated Crystal Palace in London. The later post dates to 1957 and like its older sibling was originally totally buried up to its top as a simple but effective way of measuring how the drying out of the land affects its height.
Know Before You Go
The posts are located along the Northern Road through Holme Fen, which is an attractive Birch woodland administered by Natural England.