Chinese shadow puppetry is a theatrical art form that dates back thousands of years. The puppets are typically made of semi-transparent leather plates engraved with intricate designs and colored with dyes. When lit from behind, these figures cast colorful shadows onto a screen. Behind the screen, puppeteers move the figures to play out scenes set to music.
In this virtual workshop led by Kuang-Yu Fong & Stephen Kaplin, Co-Artistic Directors of Chinese Theatre Works, you’ll explore the history of Chinese shadow puppetry and see how it has evolved as an art form still practiced today. Along the way, you'll get to see examples of puppets used in theatrical productions. Next, it’s time to get out your scissors and get to work assembling your very own puppet. Kuang-Yu and Stephen will lead guests in a step-by-step, do-it-yourself exploration of light and image in motion. You’ll learn techniques of designing and building shadow figures and how to use shadow theater as a means of visual storytelling. Using a random selection of shadow figures and shadow-making materials as starting points, you’ll be taught how to conceive, design, and rehearse a performance. After you register for this experience, you'll receive an email with print-out puppet figure shapes and a list of supplies.
- Mat knife, sharp scissors, and a metal straightedge
- Needle-nosed pliers and staple pliersLarge push pin (at least 1)
- Hot glue gun
Materials for Puppet Figures
- Printed out figure template found in folder that will be emailed to you (can be printed on regular printer paper, translucent paper or color transparencies) *Please note that these figures are to only be used for the purposes of this workshop and should not be posted on any public platform. Thank you for understanding!
- Cutting board or heavy scrap cardboard work surface
- Tape: Clear packing tape (2” wide), masking tape, duct or gaffer’ tape. (2” wide)
- Craft wire, Wire coat hangers, umbrella spokes, paper clips, or binder clips
- Clear plastic food containers (Flat), Lexan (or other thin plastic sheeting) (enough to lay out all pieces of the figure)
- Bamboo skewers, chopsticks or dowels (generally 3 per figure)
- Lace, fringe or woven fabric, scrim or meshy materials, found objects ( These are optional, but good for making scenic elements)
Materials for Your Own Shadow Screen Stage
- Paper & Cardboard: Large Pizza box or other type of cardboard box or Corrugated Cardboard
- Shadow screen material— at least 2’ sq piece. Check translucency with flashlight. Choose one of the following: Heavy white recycling bag, sheet of thin, white plastic (lexan), piece of white fabric (check with a flashlight stretchy knit fabrics are better than woven fabrics for diffusing light), White Tyvek or Parchment paper
- Light source: Desk lamp, Small LED lamp fixture and stand, or Cell Phone
- Dowels, Wooden slats, square or corner trim (optional)
Kuang-Yu Fong majored in Chinese Opera at the Chinese Culture University in Taiwan, where she also taught for four years before coming to New York City in 1983. She received an M.A. in Educational Theater at N.Y.U and became a resident artist upon graduation. She has been a guest professor at the Chinese Opera Academy in Beijing since 1998 and a visiting graduate professor at the University of Maryland in 2008. She was an assistant professor at Pace University till 2012.
Ms. Fong has toured and taught all over the United States and in Asia and Europe. She is the founder of Chinese Theatre Workshop (1995) and Chinese Theatre Works (2001), with whom she conceived, wrote, and directed dozens of original, innovative productions, many of which have been honored with awards, including: “Toy Theater Peony Pavilion,” “Three Women, Many Plays,” “Tiger Tales” and “Songs From the Yellow Earth.”
Ms. Fong has written numerous articles for scholarly journals and for Chinese language magazines. Her first book (co-authored with Stephen Kaplin) is Tabletop Theater: Puppetry for Small Places (2003). She translated Dr. Nellie McCaslin’s book Shows on the Shoestring into Chinese. She has been a panelist for NYSCA, Lower Manhattan Council Foundation and Asian American Arts Alliance She was the first Asian-American to be elected to the board of UNIMA-USA.
Stephen Kaplin has over 30 years of experience designing, building, directing, writing, and performing for live puppet theatre. A graduate of the Puppetry Arts program of the University of Connecticut (1979) and of the NYU’s Performance Studies Department (1989), Mr. Kaplin has forged ongoing relationships with renowned theater directors Julie Taymor (Savages, Liberties Taken, Transposed Heads, The Magic Flute, Fools Fire, Juan Darien , The Green Bird and The Lion King); Lee Breuer (Warrior Ant, Peter and Wendy); George Wolf (Caucasian Chalk Circle, The Tempest, Amistad; Ping Chong (Blindness and Cathay). He has also designed and built puppets and shadow sequences for Alice in Wonderland (Eva La Gallienne, dir), Band in Berlin (Susan Feldman, Pat Birch, dirs), Frida (Hillary Blecher, dir), as well as for the Big Apple Circus; and for “Times Square 2000” (Michael Curry, dir).
Since 1995, Mr. Kaplin has been a collaborator and co-artistic director with Kuang-Yu at the Chinese Theatre Workshop and (since 2001) with Chinese Theatre Works. Together they have produced numerous original theatrical works including Zhang Boils the Ocean; Climbing Gold Mountain; Toy Theatre Peony Pavilion (UNIMA Citation of Excellence, 2001); Kun/Shadow Whitesnake; Tiger Tales; The Birth of Monkey King; Day Jobs/Opera Dream; Songs of the Yellow Earth; Book of Songs, Mulan-Holding Half the Sky. These productions have toured to Taiwan, Korea, Canada, China, and cities across the U.S.
Mr. Kaplin is also a writer and visual artist and a founding member of the performance ensemble Great Small Works.
About Chinese Theatre Works
Chinese Theatre Works is a non-profit organization based in New York City. Their mission is to preserve and promote the traditional Chinese performing arts (including opera, shadow theatre, puppetry, dance and music); to create new works that bridge Eastern and Western aesthetics and forms; and to foster understanding and appreciation of Chinese culture in audiences, students, artists and educators around the globe.
It was founded in 2001 by Co-Artistic Directors Kuang-Yu Fong and Stephen Kaplin, out of the merger of two non-profit institutions with long histories of bringing traditional and contemporary innovative Chinese performing arts programming to New York City, national and international audiences-- The Gold Mountain Institute for Traditional Shadow Theatre (founded by Jo Humphrey in 1975) and Chinese Theatre Workshop (founded 1995). Chinese Theatre Works carries forth their mission by presenting programming drawn from their combined repertoire of traditional Chinese opera, music, dance and puppetry and by creating and touring new original productions as well. Their work cuts across ethnic and cultural boundaries, and their programs are aimed at sparking interest in Chinese cultural traditions among the wider public and building understanding among educators and artists across the globe.
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